Upcoming Epidemic: One in 5 women suffer from PCOS

Team BoonIVF
Team BoonIVF

Fertility Center

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is prevalent in India and several research studies pointed out that 1 in 5 women suffer from PCOS. Several factors contribute to its high occurrence in this population. Let’s delve into an analysis supported by past data and evidence. We at Boon IVF which is the best fertility hospital in Hyderabad providing personalized care and treatment to overcome PCOS and fertility issues. PCOS is a hormonal disorder which can cause multiple health issue.

Factors Contributing to PCOS Prevalence in India:

  1. Genetic Predisposition:
    • Genetic factors play a significant role in PCOS prevalence. Studies have suggested that certain genetic variations may increase susceptibility to PCOS.
    • Evidence: Research studies like those conducted by Diamanti-Kandarakis et al. (2006) and others have identified genetic markers associated with PCOS.
  2. Changing Lifestyle and Diet:
    • Urbanization and changes in lifestyle have led to increased consumption of processed foods, high sugar, and refined carbohydrates.
    • Sedentary lifestyles and lack of physical activity contribute to obesity and insulin resistance, both of which are common in PCOS.
    • Evidence: Studies like that by Pal et al. (2012) highlight the impact of unhealthy diets and sedentary habits on PCOS prevalence.
  3. Obesity Epidemic:
    • The increase in obesity rates in India have been linked to an increase in PCOS cases.
    • Excess body weight exacerbates insulin resistance and hormonal imbalances associated with PCOS.
    • Evidence: National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data and studies by Patel et al. (2019) indicate a rising trend in obesity rates and PCOS prevalence in parallel.
  4. Environmental Factors:
    • Exposure to environmental pollutants and endocrine-disrupting chemicals can also contribute to hormonal imbalances associated with PCOS.
    • Evidence: Limited studies but emerging evidence suggests potential environmental influences on PCOS.

Data and Trends in PCOS Prevalence in India:

Let’s present some illustrative data to showcase the increasing prevalence of PCOS in India. Boon IVF is best PCOS center in Hyderabad who is focused on data driven and research focused approaches. We strong believe in data and scientific studies and determine decisions for patients with data.

Table 1: Prevalence of PCOS in India Over Time

YearEstimated PCOS Prevalence (%)
202020-25% (estimated)

Figure 1: Rising Obesity Rates and PCOS Prevalence

Caption: This graph depicts the increasing prevalence of obesity in India over the past two decades, coinciding with the rising trend in PCOS cases.

Figure 2: Genetic Susceptibility to PCOS

Caption: Genetic studies have identified specific markers associated with PCOS, which may contribute to its prevalence in certain populations like India.


PCOS prevalence in India is influenced by a combination of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. The increasing rates of obesity and unhealthy dietary patterns have contributed significantly to the rising incidence of PCOS. Genetic predisposition also plays a role, as evidenced by research studies. Ongoing efforts in research, public health awareness, and lifestyle interventions are crucial to addressing the burden of PCOS in India and globally.

If you are facing from PCOS, you can contact Dr.Sita Garimella who is India’s best fertility expert and can help you with a personalized plan for PCOS treatment.

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