What is PCOS?
PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. PCOS is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of multiple cysts in the ovaries, caused by the eggs not developing (anovulation). Patients having PCOS can see symptoms such as irregular menstrual periods, heavy bleeding, excess hair growth, acne, weight gain, and infertility.
Reason for PCOS:
PCOS is occurs because of elevated levels of androgens (male hormones) in the body, insulin resistance, and low-grade inflammation.
How do we diagnose PCOS?
PCOS is diagnosed based on the presence of at least two of the following three criteria:
- irregular menstrual cycles
- high levels of androgens and
- the presence of cysts on the ovaries as seen on ultrasound.
Impact of PCOS
PCOS can lead to long-term health complications, including an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and endometrial cancer.
If you are facing PCOS issue, here are the possible next steps: