Infertility, once whispered behind closed doors, has emerged as a burning issue over the last few years.
The fertility rate in India, once a 2.2%, has experienced a concerning settling at 2.0. This alarming decline is more pronounced in rural areas, exceeding 20%, and in urban centers, ranging between 15%-20%.
Is it a matter of changing demographics, or are there any complex issues to address? In this blog let’s dive deeper into infertility issues and delve into the causes and potential solutions.
What is Infertility & Why It’s Increasing in India?
Infertility is the lack of ability to conceive, despite unprotected sexual intercourse. It’s not solely a female issue, it’s a gender-biased issue as it affects both genders. There are numerous factors contributing to the high increasing rates of infertility:
Factor 1. Environmental Toxins
Harmful chemicals in the way we breathe, eat, drink the air, and our surroundings can affect fertility, making it harder for couples to conceive.
Factor 2. Delayed Parenthood
most couples are likely to have children later. But as a woman’s or man’s age advances, the quantity and quality of her eggs decrease, making pregnancy more challenging.
Factor 3. Lifestyle Choices
Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, an unhealthy diet, stress, poor sleep, and the constant struggle to maintain a work-life balance can disrupt hormonal equilibrium resulting in infertility.
Factor 4. Obesity
The rising prevalence of obesity can lead to hormonal imbalances, impacting ovulation in women and men’s sperm quality.
Understanding Male Fertility
Did you know that men also face fertility issues just like women? Recent studies reveal that in the last 2-3 years, 15% of men have zero sperm count.
Causes of Infertility in Men:
- Azoospermia: A condition defined, when there are no sperm cells in the ejaculate.
- Oligospermia: A decrease in the quantity of sperm or the presence of sperm of lower quality.
- Varicocele: Enlargement of the veins in the scrotum, which makes the testicles too warm and affects sperm-making.
- Hormonal Imbalances: Hormone fluctuations disrupt spermatogenesis leads to infertility.
- Substance-Induced: Certain drugs or supplements negatively affect sperm production.
- Unhealthy Lifestyle: Excessive alcohol, smoking, and drug use can impact sperm health.
Male infertility treatment:
- Hormone Therapy: A Medication to improve sperm & to regulate hormonal imbalances.
- Varicocele Repair: Surgical correction of varicoceles to sperm reproduction and to restore normal testicular temperature.
- Reproductive Techniques: Techniques as IVF & intracytoplasmic sperm injection to bypass natural barriers.
- Sexual Therapy: Counseling & medications to address sexual dysfunction.
- Lifestyle Modification: Encouraging a healthy lifestyle to improve sperm quality.
The Intricacies of Female Fertility:
In recent years, conceiving has become a growing concern for women. Irregular menstrual cycles, societal pressures, and the heartache of miscarriages cast a spotlight on infertility.
Causes of Infertility in Women:
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): A hormonal disorder that affects ovulation and menstrual regularity.
- Hypothalamic Dysfunction: Irregular hormonal signals from the brain that lead to anovulation.
- Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: Early depletion of ovarian follicles & impaired hormone production.
- Prolactin Overproduction: Increasing prolactin levels can inhibit ovulation.
- Fallopian Tube Damage: Damage to the fallopian tubes impedes egg transport and sperm.
- Endometriosis: The presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.
Female Infertility Treatments:
- Hormone Therapy: Regulating women’s hormonal imbalances with medication to promote better ovulation.
- Laparoscopic Surgery: For conditions such as endometriosis and tubal obstructions.
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): Placing washed and processed sperm into the uterus to improve fertilization chances.
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): Extracting eggs, fertilizing them with sperm then transferring embryos to the uterus. Seek an IVF fertility center to help.
- Lifestyle Changes: Encouraging a healthy diet, exercise, and stress management to enhance overall reproductive health.
- Donor Eggs or Surrogacy: Furthermore options for women with significant ovarian issues.
Are you seeking to build a family? Then you need a trusted IVF fertility center.
The Boon IVF is the most recommended IVF center in Hyderabad offering the best IVF treatments. Whether you’re exploring natural conception or considering IVF. The Boon IVF’s highly experienced doctors guide you at every step. Visit our IVF clinic today, and embark on this beautiful path to parenthood together.